Stephen C. Smith is Professor of Economics and International Affairs at George Washington University. He received his PhD in economics from Cornell University and has been a Fulbright Research Scholar and a Jean Monnet Research Fellow. Smith is the author of Ending Global Poverty: A Guide to What Work; co-author with Michael Todaro of Economic Development; and co-editor with Jennifer Brinkerhoff and Hildy Teegen of NGOs and the Millennium Development Goals: Citizen Action to Reduce Poverty. Smith is also author or coauthor of some three dozen journal articles, and numerous other publications. He serves as an Associate Editor of the Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization. Smith is Director of the Institute for International Economic Policy. He was the director of the Research Program in Poverty, Development, and Globalization from 2001-2009 . He served as first director of GW's International Development Studies Program. Smith has done on?site research and program work in several regions of the developing world including Bangladesh, China, Ecuador, India, Uganda, and Former Yugoslavia, and has been a consultant for the World Bank, the International Labour Office, and the World Institute for Development Economics Research. Smith has also conducted extensive research on the economics of employee participation, including works councils, ESOPs, and labor cooperatives, which has included on-site research in Italy, Spain, and Germany, as well as China and India.